Office of Policy and Planning from the U.S Immigration and Naturalization Service stated that "Aliens who had been unlawfully residing in the United States since before January 1, 1982 were legalized under Section 245A of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). Aliens employed in seasonal agricultural work for a minimum of 90 days in the year prior to May, 1986 (SAWs) were legalized under Section 210A of the INA.
According to her findings there were three million people that applied for legalization. The approval rates for temporary and permanent residence were fairly high among both legalization and SAW applicants.
Nearly 2.7 million people (about every nine in ten applicants) were ultimately approved for permanent residence.
"The impact of IRCA was much more concentrated with respect to legal immigration than naturalization".
naturalization:Web definitions:the quality of being brought into conformity with nature.wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn
The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 was a Public Law99-603 (Act of 11/6/86), which was passed in order to control and deter illegal immigration to the United States. Its major provisions stipulate legalization of undocumented aliens who had been continuously unlawfully present since 1982, legalization of certain agricultural workers, sanctions for employers who knowingly hire undocumented workers, and increased enforcement at U.S. borders. (U.S and Immigration Services http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis)
Although the Reform and Control Act was more than necessary because of the high increase in Immigration especially coming from Mexico; many U.S citizens' reactions were very negative and sometimes even racist, regarding the fact that the Law permitted an undocumented immigrant that had been present since 1982 to be legalized.